XIX CORPS INSIGNIA

 

 

XIX Corps ( 1st design )

 

DESCRIPTION

 

2 1/4 inch wide x 2 1/2 inch high patch in the shape of a Spanish Mission bell.

 

BACKGROUND

 
An early design approved in 1935. This design was used because the unit was made up of reserves in California and seven western and north western states; the mission bell represents the Spanish influence of those areas.
 
 
   

XIX Corps ( 2nd & 3rd design  1944 - 1945 )

 

DESCRIPTION

 
On a medium Blue disc 2 5/8 inches (6.67cm) in diameter with a 1/8 inch (.32cm) Silver Gray border, a tomahawk Proper (black handle, a silver gray blade and bindings and red tassel).
 

SYMBOLISM

 
In April 1944, over the signature of General Eisenhower, it was stated that a design "of American significance" was desired by the Corps Commander of the XIX Corps. The tomahawk is one of the most American of symbols. The Indian tomahawk was combined with a peace pipe and was thus ceremonially representative of war or peace. In the peace ceremony the blade was buried and the peace pipe smoked, while in war it was used as a weapon rather that as a pipe.
 

BACKGROUND

 
The distinctive unit insignia was approved for the XIX Corps on 3 May 1944. It was amended 9 March 1949, to change the wording of the description to conform with the shoulder sleeve insignia manufactured and worn by the personnel of the XIX Corps overseas during World War II, the design was a slight variance from the originally approved design.
 
 

VARIATIONS

 

Bullion Embroidered XIX Corps patch

 
 

Machine Embroidered on Wool XIX Corps patch

 
 

"TOMAHAWK STRIKES" tabs

 

"TOMAHAWK STRIKES" tabs

 

David Kaufman, a collector of  US Army patches obtained several years ago a so called "Ike" jacket with Tomahawk Strikes tabs on it. The tabs were unauthorized ( unofficial ) and are probably made by an unknown individual soldier or civilian in the year 1945.

 
 

ORIGIN OF XIX CORPS SLOGAN "THE TOMAHAWK STRIKES"

 

The Tomahawk Strikes! ( the slogan which is identified with the shoulder patch ) was originated in February 1945, during a contest sponsored by The Tomahawk ( published by the XIX Corps SSO Section ) for a more suitable motto. Corporal A. L. Rivers, of the 175th Infantry, whose slogan was selected from more than a thousand entrants, won a three-day trip to Paris.  

 
 

 

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